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Raphael Pooser 

Research Scientist, Computational Sciences and Engineering Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory,

P.O. Box 2008, MS-6418, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; pooserrc@ornl.gov; 865-576-6658

 Research interests and areas of expertise:

Neuromorphic computing, Quantum Optics, Quantum Information, Compressive Imaging

Education:

University of Virginia; PhD, Engineering Physics; 2001 - 2007.

New York University; BS, Physics, Cum Laude (cum. GPA 3.8, Dean's list); 1998 - 2001.

Research Experience:

Oak Ridge National Lab: Research Scientist, 2011 – present

Research Scientist in the Center for Quantum Information Science and Technology.

PI for several internally and externally funded research projects, including real time quantum imaging, compressive sampling for microchip imaging, continuous variable quantum plasmonics, and quantum noise limited force sensors, participated in Shared Vision and internal QKD projects

Collaboration with quantum optics researchers at ORNL, University of Virginia, in Italy, Australia, and China; cyber security scientists at ORNL; plasmonics researchers at Vanderbilt

Published papers in Physical Review A, Optics Letters, and Journal of Modern Optics

Oak Ridge National Lab: Wigner Fellow, 2009 – 2011

Fellow in the Center for Quantum Information Science and Technology.

Developed continuous variable quantum light source for use in quantum information experiments

Developed new fast single photon detectors based on self differencing techniques and FPGA controls

Built an experimental quantum optics lab from the ground up, wrote grants and secured funding for quantum imaging projects; demonstrated real time quantum imaging

Published papers in Optics Letters

National Institute of Standards and Technology: Intelligence Community Postdoctoral Fellow, 2007- 2009

Performed research in quantum imaging, quantum optics, and quantum information with nonlinear optics.

Built semiconductor lasers, implemented quantum noise limited amplifiers, measured first instance of quantum noise reduction in four wave mixing in atomic vapor with a semiconductor pump, demonstrated quantum imaging

Published scientific articles in Science, Nature, and Physical Review Letters.

University of Virginia: Graduate Physics Research Assistant, 2001 - 2007

Performed nonlinear optics experiments using both pulsed and continuous wattage  lasers, performed supporting nonlinear optics theoretical calculations.

Built optical parametric oscillators, cavity and temperature lock loops, RF electronics, balanced photodetectors, constructed quantum light sources, and measured quantum noise reduction; studied one way quantum computing theory and multipartite entanglement

Published papers on theoretical and experimental quantum optics in Optics Letters and Physical Review A.

Research Grants:

-       DOE IN: Chip imaging via compressive sampling - $36.5k/yr, PI

-       Lab Directed Research and Development: Self Correcting Quantum Random Number Generators - $744k / 2 yrs, PI

-       ORNL Seed fund: Secure token authentication via secure hashing - $180k / 1 yr, PI

-       Intelligence Community Postdoctoral grant - $240k /yr, supports one postdoc for two years, PI

-       Lab Directed Research and Development: Quantum Compressive Imaging – $575k / 2 yrs, PI

-       DOE office of electricity: Quantum Solutions for the Smart Grid - $250k/yr, 3 yrs, coPI

-    CNMS 2013 user  access proposal accepted: Quantum plasmonics and solid state quantum memories

-   CNMS 2013 user  access proposal accepted: Quantum enhanced force measurement and MEMS cantilevers at the shot noise limit

Publications: (H=14)

J. M Lukens, N. A. Peters, R. C. Pooser, Naturally stable Sagnac–Michelson nonlinear interferometer, Optics Letters 41(23) 5438-5441 (2016).

M. W. Holtfrerich, M. Dowran, R. Davidson, B. J. Lawrie, R. C. Pooser, A. M. Marino, Towards Quantum Plasmonic Networks, Optica 3, 985-988 (2016).

B. J. Lawrie, Y. Yang, M. Eaton, A. N. Black, and R. C. Pooser, Robust and compact entanglement generation from diode-laser-pumped four-wave mixing, Applied Physics Letters 108, 151107 (2016); doi: 10.1063/1.4947026.

R. C. Pooser and B. J. Lawrie, Plasmonic trace sensing below the photon shot noise limit, ACS Photonics 3, 8 (2016). article featured on cover of journal

AE Farah, R Davidson, A Malasi, RC Pooser, B Lawrie, R Kalyanaraman, Cobalt stabilization of silver extraordinary optical transmission sensing platforms, Applied Physics Letters 108, 043101 (2016).

K. Marshall, R. C. Pooser, G. Siopsis, and C. Weedbrook, Quantum simulation of quantum field theory using continuous variables, Phys. Rev. A 92, 063825 (2015).

W. Fan, B. J. Lawrie, R. C. Pooser, Quantum Plasmonic Sensing, Phys. Rev. A 92, 053812 (2015).

B Qi, P Lougovski, R Pooser, W Grice, M Bobrek, Generating the local oscillator “locally” in continuous-variable quantum key distribution based on coherent detection, Physical Review X 5, 041009 (2015).

K. Marshall, R. C. Pooser, G. Siopsis, and C. Weedbrook, Repeat-until-success cubic phase gate for universal continuous-variable quantum computation, Phys. Rev. A 91, 032321 (2015).

B. J. Lawrie, N. Otterstrom, R. C. Pooser, Coherence area profiling in multi-spatial-mode squeezed states, Journal of Modern Optics, 1-6, DOI:10.1080/09500340.2015.1080869 (2015).

R. C. Pooser, and B. J. Lawrie, Ultrasensitive measurement of MEMS cantilever displacement below the shot noise limit, Optica 2, 393 (2015). One of the top-cited articles in Optica for 2015.

A. Malasi, H. Taz, A. Farah, M. Patel, B. Lawrie, R. C. Pooser, A. Baddorf, G. Duscher, R. Kalyanaraman, Novel Iron-based ternary amorphous oxide semiconductor with very high transparency, electronic conductivity, and mobility, Scientific reports 5, 1 (2015).

N. Otterstrom, R. C. Pooser, B. Lawrie, Nonlinear optical magnetometry with accessible in situ optical squeezing, Optics Letters 39, 6533 (2014).

R. C. Pooser and J. Jing, Continuous Variable Cluster State Generation over the Optical Spatial Mode Comb, Phys. Rev. A. 90, 04381 (2014).

P. Lougovski and R. C. Pooser, An Observed-Data-Consistent Approach to the Assignment of Bit Values in a Quantum Random Number Generator, arXiv:1404.5977 (2014).

W. P. Grice, P. G. Evans, and R. C. Pooser “Quantum Key Distribution for the Smart Grid” in IEEE Vision for Smart Grid Communications: 2030 and Beyond, IEEE standards, pp. 345-351 (2013).

B. J. Lawrie and R. C. Pooser, Toward Real Time Quantum imaging with a single pixel camera, Optics Express 21, 7549 (2013).

B. J. Lawrie, P. Evans, R. C. Pooser, Extraordinary optical transmission of multimode quantum correlations via localized surface plasmons, Physical Review Letters 110 156802 (2013).

R. C. Pooser, D. Earl, B. Williams, P. Evans, FPGA-based gating and logic for multichannel single photon counting, Journal of Modern Optics, special issue (invited), 59, 1500 DOI: 10.1080/09500340.2012.706325 (2012).

Z. Qin, J. Jing, J. Zhou, C. Liu, Z. Zhou, F. Hudelist, L. Cui, R. C. Pooser, and W. Zhang, A compact diode-laser-pumped quantum light source based on four wave mixing in hot rubidium vapor, Optics Letters 37, Issue 15, pp. 3141-3143 (2012).

C.Weedbrook, B. Perrett, K. V. Kheruntsyan, P. Drummond, R. C. Pooser, and O. Pfister, Resonant cascaded down-conversion, Phys. Rev. A 85, 033821 (2012).

C. Liu, J. Jing, Z. Zhou, R.C. Pooser, F. Hudelist, and W. Zhang, Realization of low frequency and controllable-bandwidth squeezing based on a four-wave-mixing amplifier in rubidium vapor, Optics Letters 36, 2979 (2011).

R. C. Pooser, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, P. D. Lett, Quantum correlated light beams from non-degenerate four-wave mixing in an atomic vapor: the D1 and D2 lines of 85Rb and 87Rb, Optics Express, 17, 16722 (2009).

R. C. Pooser, K. M. Jones, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, P. D. Lett, Low-Noise Amplification of a Continuous Variable Quantum State, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 010501 (2009).

A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, V. Boyer, P. D. Lett, Tunable delay of EPR correlations, Nature 457, 859-862 (12 February 2009). Featured in News and Views in Nature 457, 798-799 (12 February 2009).

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Entangling light in its spatial degrees of freedom with four-wave mixing in an atomic vapor, ChemPhysChem, DOI: 10.1002/cphc.200800734, US: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cphc.200800734

R. C. Pooser, V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, P. D. Lett, Squeezed Light and Entangled Images from Four-Wave-Mixing in Hot Rubidium Vapor, in Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging VI, edited by Ronald Meyers, Yanhua Shih, Keith Deacon, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 7092 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2008) 70920G-1

A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, R. C. Pooser, P. D. Lett, K. Lemons, and K. M. Jones, Delocalized Correlations in Twin Light Beams with Orbital Angular MomentumDelocalized Correlations in Twin Light Beams with Orbital Angular Momentum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093602 (2008).

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett., Entangled Images From Four-Wave MixingEntangled Images From Four-Wave Mixing, Science 25 July 2008 321: 544-547; published online 12 June 2008 in Science Express Reports, DOI: 10.1126/science.1158275. Work was featured in Physics Today vol. 61 August 2008 issue, pp 16-18. Also featured in Science Perspective article “Let Quantum Mechanics Improve Your Images” by Robert Boyd.

A.S. Bradley, M.K. Olsen, O. Pfister, and R.C. Pooser, Bright tripartite entanglement in triply concurrent parametric down conversionBright tripartite entanglement in triply concurrent parametric down conversion, Physical Review A 72, 053805 (2005).

R.C. Pooser and O. Pfister, Observation of triply coincident nonlinearities in periodically poled KTiOPO4Observation of triply coincident nonlinearities in periodically poled KTiOPO4, Optics Letters 30, 2635 (2005). Work featured in the November 2005 issue of the Materials Research Society Bulletin. Also Featured in Virtual Journal of Ultrafast Science, November 2005.

O. Pfister, S. Feng, G. Jennings, R. Pooser, and D. Xie, Multipartite continuous-variable entanglement from concurrent nonlinearitiesMultipartite continuous-variable entanglement from concurrent nonlinearities, Physical Review A 70, 020302(R) (2004).

R.C. Pooser and O. Pfister, Particle-number scaling of the phase sensitivity in realistic Bayesian twin-mode Heisenberg-limited interferometryParticle-number scaling of the phase sensitivity in realistic Bayesian twin-mode Heisenberg-limited interferometryarticle-number scaling of the phase sensitivity in realistic Bayesian twin-mode Heisenberg-limited interferometry, Physical Review A 69, 043616 (2004).

(see also http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=eHTCC_cAAAAJ)

Invited Talks and Colloquia:

R. C. Pooser, Towards Real Time Quantum Imaging Below the Diffraction Limit, presented at the Department of Physics Colloquium, University of Oklahoma, Jan 24, 2013.

R. C. Pooser, Quantum Optics from Four Wave Mixing in Rb vapor: from quantum noise reduction to quantum imaging, presented at the Department of Physics Colloquium, University of Tennessee, Jan 23, 2012.

R. C. Pooser, Quantum Optics from Four Wave Mixing in Rb vapor: from quantum imaging to entanglement, given at the East China Normal University Department of Physics Colloquium on December 3, 2010, Shanghai, China.

R. C. Pooser, Quantum Optics for  Quantum Sensors: from quantum imaging to force measurement, given at the Quantum Technology Applications Workshop, November 22, 2010, Santa Fe, NM.

Conference Talks:

R. C. Pooser, B. J. Lawrie, J. Schaake, D. D. Earl, T. S. Humble, Real Time Quantum Imaging via Compressed Sensing, Frontiers in Optics, Compressive sampling and image reconstruction, Oct 15, 2012, Rochester, NY.

W. P. Grice, D. Guo, E. Martin, D. Earl, E. Ferragut, R. C. Pooser, A beam profiler based on compressive imaging, Frontiers in Optics, Quantum measurements II, Oct 17, 2012, Rochester, NY.

B. J. Lawrie, P. Evans, R. C. Pooser, Multi-mode Squeezed Light Transduction via Localized Surface Plasmons, Frontiers in Optics, Quantum Plasmonics, Oct 17, 2012, Rochester, NY.

R. C. Pooser, B. J. Lawrie, J. Schaake, D. D. Earl, T. S. Humble, Real Time Quantum Imaging via Compressed Sensing, CLEO: Quantum Security and Imaging, May 16, 2012, San Jose, CA.

D. D. Earl, W. P. Grice, R. C. Pooser, D. Guo, E. Martin, A beam profiler based on compressive imaging, CLEO, May 11, 2012, San Jose, CA.

W. P. Grice, B. P. Williams, R. S. Bennink, D. D. Earl, P. G. Evans, T. S. Humble, R. C. Pooser, and J. Schaake, Multi-Client Quantum Key Distribution using Wavelength Division Multiplexing, SPIE Optics and Photonics: Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging IX, August 21, 2011, San Diego, CA.

R. C. Pooser, D. D. Earl, P. G. Evans, T. S. Humble, FPGA-based gating and logic for multichannel single photon counting, Single Photon Workshop 2011, June 27 – July 1, 2011, Braunschweig, Germany.

P. G. Evans, W. P. Grice, R. C. Pooser, J. Schaake, and B. P. Williams, Polarization Manipulating Quantum Lightwave Circuits, Single Photon Workshop 2011, June 27 – July 1, 2011, Braunschweig, Germany.

B. P. Williams, R. S. Bennink, D. D. Earl, P. G. Evans, W. P. Grice, T. S. Humble, R. C. Pooser, and J. Schaake, Multi-Client Quantum Key Distribution using Wavelength Division Multiplexing, 42nd Annual DAMOP Meeting, June 13, 2011, Atlanta, GA.

W. P. Grice, R. S. Bennink, P. G. Evans, T. S. Humble, R. C. Pooser, J. Schaake, and B. P. Williams, Strong Spectral Entanglement in Spontaneous  Parametric Down-Conversion, Frontiers in Optics, October 24, 2010, Rochester, New York.

R. C. Pooser, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, K. M. Jones, and P. D. Lett, Low Noise Amplification of a Continuous Variable Quantum State, SPIE 2010 Defense, Security, and Sensing meeting, April 8-9, 2010, Quantum Information and Computation VIII session, Orlando, FL.

R. C. Pooser, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, K. M. Jones, and P. D. Lett, Partial Cloning of a Continuous Variable Quantum State, Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics / International Quantum Electronics Conference, June, 2009, Quantum Imaging and Spatial Entanglement session, Baltimore, MD.

A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, V. Boyer, and P. D. Lett, Tunable Delay of Entangled Images, Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics / International Quantum Electronics Conference, June, 2009, Quantum Imaging and Spatial Entanglement session, Baltimore, MD.

R. C. Pooser, V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, P. D. Lett, Squeezed Light and Entangled Images from Four-Wave-Mixing in Hot Rubidium Vapor, SPIE 2008 Optics and Photonics meeting, August, 2008, Quantum Communications and Quantum Imaging VI session, San Diego, CA.

R. C.  Pooser, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, and P. D. Lett, Compact Source of Entangled Images and Squeezed Light Using Four-Wave Mixing in Rubidium Vapor, American Physical Society meeting of the Division of Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, May, 2008, Entanglement session, State College, PA.

R.C. Pooser and O. Pfister, Generating scalable multipartite entanglement and non-Gaussian states of light using nonlinear concurrences and cascades, OSA Annual Meeting, October, 2006; Division of Laser Science, Quantum Optics session, Rochester, NY.

O. Pfister, R.C. Pooser, A.S. Bradley, and M.K. Olsen, Multimode Squeezing and Entanglement with Concurrent Nonlinearities, Laser Science XXI Meeting of the American Physical Society. Tucson, AZ, October 17–19, 2005.

O. Pfister, S. Feng, G. Jennings, R. Pooser, D. Xie, Multipartite continuous-variable entanglement from concurrent nonlinearities, Laser Science XX Meeting of the American Physical Society. Rochester, New York. October 10-14, 2004.

R. C. Pooser, Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, presented at the SELIM / IGERT symposium, Charlottesville, VA, August, 2004.

R. C. Pooser, Simulating Bayesian Measurements for Heisenberg Limited Interferometry, presented at the 10th Laser Processing Consortium at Jefferson lab, June, 2003.

Honors and Awards:

Wigner Fellowship at Oak Ridge National Lab, 2009.

First place in Sigma Xi annual poster competition at NIST, 2009.

Intelligence Community Postdoctoral fellowship at NIST, 2007-2009.

First place in the Department of Physics annual research poster competition at UVA, 2005.

Upper Class NSF SELIM fellow at UVA, 2004 - 2005.

Distinction title for high Statistical and Classical Mechanics PhD qualifying exam scores, 2003.

NSF IGERT Fellowship within SELIM program at UVA, 2001- 2003.

Dean’s fellowship from Engineering school at UVA, 2001- 2004.

Inducted to Sigma Pi Sigma, physics honor society, 2001.

George Granger Brown scholarship from NYU for academic merit in physics, 2001.

Teaching Experience:

National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2007

Taught a quantum optics course to senior level undergraduates.

University of Virginia: Teaching Assistant, 2006

Held study sessions, tutored students, and graded papers for an advanced Photonics course.

New York University: Teaching Assistant, 2000 - 2001

Answered questions online and graded assignments for C-programming class.

Advising:

Ben Lawrie, Intelligence Community Postdoc, 2011 – present, PhD: Vanderbilt, June 2011.

Jason Schaake, Graduate Student, University of Tennessee, 2010 – 2011.

Cunjin Liu, Visiting Graduate Student, University of Tennessee, 2012-present.

Eric Martin, undergraduate student, University of Tennessee, summer 2011.

Robert Goodman, undergraduate student, University of Tennessee, summer 2010, 2011.

Collaborators:

-       Richard Haglund, Vanderbilt University

-       Jason Valentine, Vanderbilt University

-       Warren Grice, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

-       Ryan Bennink, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

-       Travis Humble, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

-       Phil Evans, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

-       Olivier Pfister, University of Virginia,

-       Peter Drummond, Swinburne University of Technology, Austalia

-       Jietai Jing, East China Normal University

Community outreach and professional memberships:

Adjunct Faculty – University of Tennessee Dept. of Physics

Optical Society of America – member

American Physical Society – member

Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers – member

Boys and Girls Clubs of the Tennessee Valley board of advisers – volunteer member

Optimist club of Knoxville – reserve member

Public service:

Served over the years 2002-2012 as spokesperson for the Boys and Girls Clubs of the TN Valley, fulfilling various speaking engagements, fund raising, and news events

Served as one time spokesperson for United Way annual campaign, September, 2003

References:

The following individuals have served as references in the past and may be asked in the future if appropriate (full contact info provided on request)

-       Dr Paul D. Lett – National Institute of Standards and Technology; postdoc advisor

-       Dr William D. Philips – National Institute of Standards and Technology; group leader

-       Dr Olivier Pfister – University of Virginia Department of Physics; PhD advisor